Carbon-based Nanosciences & Nanotechnologies : Nanotubes and Graphene at the Heart
CEA, Institut of Nanosciences and Cryogenics, SP2M
Lundi 27/04/2009, 11h00
Bât. C5 P.421A, CEA-Grenoble
In the early nineties, the development of high-precision nano-characterization tools (such as high resolution TEM, STM…) has enabled the discovery and the study of carbon nanotubes . For now almost two decades, such nano-material has been used as a playground for the exploration of Nanosciences and the understanding of physical phenomena in low dimension . The recent fabrication of two-dimensional graphene has sparked novel interest in carbon-based nanoelectronics, together with excitement in novel transport properties conveyed by sp2 hybridization and massless Dirac Fermions physics .
In this talk, I will draw some historical perspective on nanotubes and graphene discoveries, including current scientific and technological challenges. Of particular concern are the physical properties of chemically-modified forms of carbon nanotubes and graphene based materials, owing to their related potentiality for new material and device functionalities, covering the so-called beyond-CMOS fields of application.
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 A. H. Castro Neto, F. Guinea, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov & A. K. Geim, The Electronic Properties of Graphene Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 109-162 (2009).