Simulated self-organization of a lamellar phase (low water content), starting from a completely disordered initial configuration. Periodic boundary conditions are applied to the simulation box in all directions. The hydrophobic tail of surfactants is represented in gray, the charged hydrophilic head in green. Water molecules are in blue, the hydronium cations in red. The counter at the bottom indicates the actual simulation time, in nanoseconds.
(Movie by S. Hanot, 2016. A copy of the movie is posted as Supplementary Info at http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NR05853H .)